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Undocumented genealogy is mythology. Remember to document the source of everything you discover. Your source may be as simple as a letter from your grandmother or as complex as a multivolume published genealogical work.
A citation is a reference to a source of information.
Genealogical citation is not always uniform. Enter sources and notes in a consistent format.
Citation elements include name of the person who created the document/information, date of the record, form used (county deed book, microfilm, letter, etc,) and where the document can be found again. Create a citation that allows another researcher to find the same evidence.
Direct evidence speaks to the point in question. For example, a birth certificate is direct evidence of birth.
Indirect evidence gives facts from which you can come to a conclusion. Use indirect evidence in combination with a variety of sources to come to a reasonable assumption. For example, a birth date may be inferred by combining information from a death certificate, age found on a census record, an obituary or dates on a tombstone to arrive at a reasonable date.
Primary evidence is personal testimony or a record created shortly after an event by a person with personal knowledge of the facts.
Secondary evidence is copied or compiled from other sources written from memory long after the event has occurred.
Source: something (book, record, object, or person) supplying information.
Good sources of information come from older family members. Interview as many as you can find. Be prepared with a list of questions. Use a tape recorder for the answers or take very good notes. Respect the person's privacy. When writing or speaking to a relative for information, make specific requests.